Literatur Review The New Super Antioxidant, Ergothioneine In Pleurotus Ostreatus
Pleurotus ostreatus is one of the mushrooms that is widely consumed by Indonesian people. The easy cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus is one of the reasons why Indonesian people choose Pleurotus ostreatus as a cultivated mushroom and is it is also used as a source of income. The main reason why people consume Pleurotus ostreatus is because it tastes good. On the other hand, Pleurotus ostreatus contains many chemical compounds that are beneficial to health, one of which is a rare amino acid compound, ergothioneine. Ergothioneine (EGT; 2-mercapto histidine trimethyl betaine) is an amino acid betaine thio-histidine with a sulfur group that has the potential to be a stable, safe, and strong antioxidant (super antioxidant). In the health sector, ergothioneine antioxidants have the potential to prevent diseases such as cardiovascular, kidney, cancer, and inhibit the growth of tumor cells. In addition, ergothioneine also has the potential to be used as a supplement and medicine. The method used to compile this review article is a literature study of indexed and leading research journals conducted on the Google Scholar database, Science Direct, and PubMed. This review article discusses the ergothioneine content in Pleurotus ostreatus and the health benefits of ergothioneine.
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