Daily Physical Activity, And Sociodemographic Hypertensive Patients In An Effort To Prevent Complications Of Hypertension In West Kotawaringin Regency

  • Retno Widya Ningsih Master Student of Health Promotion, Diponegoro University Indonesia
  • Zahroh Shaluhiyah Lecturer in the Master of Health Promotion,Diponegoro University Indonesia
  • Yuliani Setyaningsih Lecturer in the Master of Health Promotion, Diponegoro University Indonesia
Keywords: Keywords : Daily physical activity, Complications of Hypertension, adulthood.


Hypertension in Central Kalimantan province increased significantly from year to year, ie 26% in 2013 according to age group ≥ 18 years of age to 34% in 2018.(1)Hypertension in West Kotawaringin ranked first of several non-communicable diseases (57.5%) and 17.23% of them result in complications and death (among others, heart failure, cerebrovascular desease, chronic renal failure, and retinopathy). Daily Active physical activityis one of the efforts of non-pharmacological management of hypertension and there have been several studies related to the support. Peoplein West Kotawaringin actively engaged in physical activities is only 37.6%, regular exercise at least 30 minutes / day is only 24.8%. Consume fewer fruits and vegetables (9% and 6%) compared to the consumption of cigarettes (13%). Compliance will be healthy behavior is the key to the successful management of hypertensive disease so that patients can improve their quality of life. The aim of this study was to know if daily active physical activity can help those with hypertension in minimizing the incidence of complications and death.

This is a cross sectional quantitative explanatory research with descriptive analytic approach. Proporsionate probability sampling method using stratified sampling for  141 respondents (40 men and 101 women). Respondents are people with hypertension aged adults (25-45) years and has been confirmed through a diagnosis by a doctor. The sampling was conducted at 18 health centers throughout West Kotawaringin and in some hospital outpatient clinic "RSSI" through a questionnaire. The results of the research data will be analyzed using multiple logistic regression with Backward LR method using SPSS version 19.0.

Results: daily sedentaryphysical activity have the value of OR = 3.818, which means respondents were too lazy to move (inactive) daily 3.82 times (95% CI; 0,997 14,624) greater chance of complications of hypertension compared to whom more active, and while some other sociodemographic factors were not enough to prove as a predictor of the incidence of hypertension complications  (age: p value = 0.997; Gender: p value = 0.537; Job: p value = 0.509; education level : p value = 0.309).

Daily Active physical activitymight  improve the quality of life for those who has been diagnosed with hypertension.

Peer groups for patients with hypertension and other chronic diseases should be supported and facilitated better, not only by providers but also multi-sector health facilities.