DETERMINANT FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE IN THE INSTALLATION OF PEOPLE WITH THE SOUL DISORDERS IN THE BREBES DISTRICT

(Study of family members who have mental illness pasung)

  • Nuke Prasetyani Nurhayati Master of Health Promotion Diponegoro University Indonesia
Keywords: DETERMINANT FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE IN THE INSTALLATION OF PEOPLE WITH THE SOUL DISORDERS

Abstract

People with mental disorders (ODGJ) are a group of symptoms that are marked by changes in people's thoughts, feelings and behavior that cause dysfunction in carrying out daily life. Schizophenia is a disease that affects the brain and causes strange, disturbed thoughts, perceptions, emotions, movements and behavior. Schizophrenia cannot be defined as a separate disease, but rather as a disease process that includes many types with various symptoms. Schizophrenia is often misinterpreted by the public. This disease is feared as a dangerous mental disorder and cannot be controlled or cured. Most people believe that schizophrenic patients need to be isolated from the community. The purpose of this study was to analyze the determinant factors that influence ODGJ containment in Brebes Regency.

This type of research is a quantitative study with a design using a cross sectional study design, researchers looking for a relationship between the independent variable and the dependent variable only once at that time. Data collection techniques by interview using population questionnaires in this study, namely all families who have families with mental disorders in the area of ​​Brebes Regency as many as 2579 people. The method of determining the sample of this research is using simple random sampling of 103 ODGJ patients.

This study was analyzed using the theory of preceed-procede (Lawrence Green). This theory tries to analyze human behavior, human behavior is formed from 3 factors, namely predisposing factors, reinforcing factors (reinforcing factors), and enabling factors (enabling factors) 16. In this study the predisposing factors studied were family knowledge and stigma, reinforcing factors studied were health worker support, family support, neighbor support, neighbor support, and community leader support, while enabling factors studied were access to health services

Analysis of the data in this study is a bivariate analysis using chi-square and the results obtained are that there are several independent variables that are proven to be significantly related to ODGJ loading in Brebes Regency. Independent variables that have been proven to have a significant effect are knowledge, family stigma, family support and access to health services. The following is an explanation regarding the independent variables that significantly influence the ODGJ retention in Brebes Regency:

The result of the study is that there is a statistically significant effect between knowledge and ODGJ associations in Brebes Regency. Family inclusion of ODGJ is caused by a lack of family knowledge about handling ODGJ, the family feels ashamed of the surrounding environment, illnesses that do not heal, lack or lack of medical costs in the long term, as well as family actions to secure ODGJ from the surrounding environment. In addition to that, the retention also occurs because the community has an understanding or wrong knowledge about mental disorders, people with mental disorders are considered to be possessed by demons so as to control the symptoms of demon possession by mounting ODGJ. Low family knowledge and lack of exposure to information about illnesses of people with mental disorders that cause increased intensity of savings.

Published
2020-05-15