The The Exposure of Pesticide to Pregnancy Toward the Occurance of Low Birth Weight (LBW) in Metro Selatan District, Metro City.
Ayu Tri Darmawati, Onny Setiani, Sulistiyani
Background: Metro Selatan district is a rural and agricultural area in Metro city which boasts the thriving production of vegetables. Consequently, the use of pesticide is also very high. The dependency of the farmers on the use of pesticide with the inclusion of high numbers of women in the plantation has taken a toll on their health, particularly in the case of pregnant mothers, who mostly live or work in or around the plantation areas. The exposure of pesticide to pregnant mothers can lead to both reproduction condition or defect as well as the occurance of Low Birth Weight (LBW) to infants they give birth to. This research aims to find out the extent of the pesticide exposure toward the case of Low Birth Weight in Metro selatan district, Metro city.
Method: the method used in this research is analitycal obseravtion by using Case Control study design. This data was taken from 99 samples with the ratio of 2 : 1, consisting of 33 cases of the occurance of Low Birth Weight and 66 number of controls. The data was gathered through interview and observation. The data analysis employs Chi-square test and logistical regression.
To cite this article:
Ayu Tri Darmawati, Onny Setiani, 2019)Ayu Tri Darmawati, Onny Setiani, S. (2019). The Exposure of Pesticide to Pregnancy Toward the Occurance of Low Birth Weight (LBW) in Metro Selatan District, Metro City. The International Journal of Health, Education and Social, 2(5), 9–19.
Result: based on the result of bivariate analysis, it was found that there were 5 independent variables which contribute to risk factors of LBW ; (1).the physical involvement in pesticide spraying activity in the farms/plantations [OR = 3.320 995%CI; 1.309-8.424)], the mixing of pesticide [OR 2.934 (95%CI; 1.208-7.127)], the handling of spraying tools [OR= 5.125 (95%CI; 2.005-13.103), the stroring of pesticide [OR= 2.870 (95%CI; 1.207-6.925)], and the using of APD [OR= 3.322 (95%CI; 1.364-8.089)]. The result of multivariate analysis suggests that the subjects who were involved directly in the spraying of pesticide, mishandled the spraying tools, stored the pesticide inside the house and worked without complete APD were more prone to and had higher probability to have cases of Low Birth Weight infants, which is 72.3%.
Conclusion: The direct involvement in the spraying of pesticide, mishandling the spraying tools, storing the pesticide inside the house and working without complete APD are all contributing factors for the research subject that cause the occurances of Low Birth Weight. Additionally, the farmer women who work in areas where pesticide is constantly used is highly recommended to wear the complete APD.
Keywords: pesticide exposure, Low Birth Weight (LBW), pregnancy.